The Municipal Life Quality Index (LQI) was compiled to assess the differences between Lithuanian municipalities in 2013 – 2020.
Life quality indicators can statistically assess and show various complementary aspects of life quality, thus complementing the gross domestic product indicator, which is traditionally used as a measure of a country’s economic and social development. Life quality indicators at EU Member State level are assessed by Eurostat. Most of the Life quality indicators provided by Eurostat are not collected at the municipal level, so similar indicators were included in the Municipal Life Quality Index (LQI), which were grouped into 6 categories. It should be noted that Eurostat Life Quality surveys use large-scale representative surveys to assess life quality, which are not included in this assessment of municipal LQI’s, but use indicators collected at the municipal level that could at least partially lead to satisfaction of life quality. The basis of the Municipal LQI is the Life Quality Model and Index, which was used in the assessment of the impact of EU structural assistance on the life quality, social exclusion and poverty reduction in Lithuania. Life quality in this model was associated with the ability to ensure a sufficient level of material well-being, which is defined by work and employment- related income and housing. Improving life quality is due to satisfaction of health condition, increased access to education and social services, increased participation in cultural life, as well as a favorable living environment – decreasing environmental pollution and increased level of public safety. This Municipal LQI was compiled based on an analysis of the scientific and empirical literature and a review of life quality indices calculated by international organizations.
The methodology for calculating the Municipal Life Quality Index and clustering of municipalities was developed within the EU support Project, which aims to analyse the long-term sustainability of Lithuanian municipal financial structure to promote efficient provision of local public services.
The LQI was compiled in 2016 during the assessment of the impact of the EU structural assistance on Lithuanian cities and towns.
In 2018 the LQI was reviewed and updated in the context of the European Union‘s investment in regional development and its impact on changes in life quality.
Based on the latter assessment, the LQI calculation was reviewed and unpadded in 2020 while implementing the structural reform support project „Municipal Loan Restructuring and Development of Effective Asset Management Measures“ financed by the European Commission.
In 2022, the LQI calculation methodology was revised again, supplemented with new relevant indicators and an updated LQI report for 2013–2020 was prepared.